首都博物馆--重点摘要
 
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作为合作者的艺术家——对英国博物馆公共艺术项目的探索
Artists as Collaborators: An Exploration into Museum Public Art Programmes in the UK
陆思培
Lu Sipei
(莱斯特大学,莱斯特)
( University of Leicester, Leicester)

内容提要: 英美博物馆与艺术家的合作一方面依托艺术的魅力吸引观众,另一方面从艺术的角度探索藏品研究、展览阐释、公众联结等多个问题。两者合作的方式正经历从输出知识到与观众共同创造知识、实现机构转型的改变。本文介绍了博物馆与艺术家常见的合作研究模式,根据作者调研及工作实践总结合作中存在的问题,指出博物馆与艺术家在深度合作中各自的职责。
关键词:藏品研究 公众项目 艺术研究 博物馆责任 知识共创
Abstract: Museums not only use art as a means to attract audiences, but also develop collection research, exhibition interpretation and public connections through art. Museum-artist collaboration is increasingly aied at co-creation with the public and achieving organisational change. This paper introduces museum-artist collaborative models in the UK and stresses the responsibility museums and artists have to interpret, evaluate and create platforms of exchange to achieve in-depth co-creation of knowledge.
Key Words: Collection research; public programmes; artistic research; responsibility of museum; co-creation

 

 

超级连接的博物馆:新方法、新公众——莱斯特大学博物馆学学者访谈录
Hyperconnected Museums: New Approaches, New Publics
An Interview with Scholars at the University of Leicester
访谈者:陆思培 朱末寒(莱斯特大学)
Interviewer: Lu Sipei Zhu Mohan (University of Leicester)

内容提要: 2018年5月18日国际博物馆日主题为“超级连接的博物馆:新方法、新公众”。国际博物馆协会在阐述这一主题时提到,当今世界互联互通,博物馆也加入了超级连接的潮流。随着科技发展,博物馆通过新的藏品阐释方法可以找到新的观众。然而,不能皆赖于科技,博物馆应更关注当地社区及其成员,从而发现新公众。本刊特邀到陆思培、朱末寒博士,就“超级连接的博物馆:新方法、新公众”这一主题及相关问题,对英国莱斯特大学博物馆学四位知名学者进行了专访。

 

 

地方博物馆:使命、特征与策略
Local Museum: Mission, Characteristic and Strategy
严建强 邵晨卉
Yan Jianqiang Shao Chenhui
(浙江大学,杭州,310058)
(Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, 310058)

内容提要: 地方博物馆是依托于特定地域社会的在地式博物馆,随着民族国家与区域社会的出现而形成,负有系统收集本地区社会记忆载体,并进行整理、研究和传播的使命。地方博物馆的兴起在很大程度上改变了传统的收藏价值取向、研究方法及展览功能,导致展览要素构成的复杂化,并对当代展览策划的程序提出挑战。然而,在当代中国,地方博物馆还没有成为一种自觉的意识,许多地方博物馆馆长并不清楚它与古典艺术博物馆的区别,这种观念的混乱导致地方博物馆建设盲目模仿古典艺术博物馆,从而放弃了自己应当承担的社会职责,并淡化了地方博物馆存在的理由。本文希望通过对地方博物馆与古典艺术博物馆的比较,帮助人们更清醒地认识地方博物馆的使命、特征,并制定适合自己发展,有助于更好履行自己使命的策略。
关键词: 地方博物馆 收藏 研究 展览 策略
Abstract: Local museums, emerging with the arising of national state and regional society and existing in specifically regional society, are responsible for collecting, sorting out, researching and spreading the records of the respective regions. They bring a great change to the traditional collecting tendency, research methods, functions and components of exhibitions, and challenge the construction procedure of contemporary exhibitions. Nevertheless, local museums in today’s China still lack self-awareness and a clarifed difference with classical art museums. Furthermore, consequent blind imitation overwhelms the identity and responsibility of the local museums themselves. The paper compares the two kinds of museums mentioned above, aiming at arousing people’s awareness of the local museums’ mission and characteristic, subsequently tailoring their own strategy.
Key Words: Local museum; collecting; research; exhibition; strategy

 

 

我国博物馆陈列展览中的“少儿不宜”现象探析
On the “Adults Only” Phenomenon in the Exhibitions of Chinese Museums
张笑
Zhang Xiao
(上海大学,上海,200444)
( Shanghai University, Shanghai, 200444 )

内容提要: 当前,我国博物馆已经成为未成年人素质教育的重要平台,并在针对未成年人社会教育方面取得了显著成就。然而相对缺乏对少年儿童这一特殊群体的心智发育研究,致使在陈列展览方面较忽视其接受能力及心理需求。本文以问卷调研为基本方式,重点调查博物馆展陈中的“少儿不宜”现象,继而从博物馆和社会多角度进行探讨,尝试建立、健全应对“少儿不宜”展陈的机制,以进一步提升我国博物馆的公共服务水平。
关键词: 博物馆 少儿不宜 心理学
Abstract: Nowadays, being an important platform of juveniles’ education for all-round development, Chinese museums have accomplished remarkable achievements on social education, especially for the juveniles. However the lack of mental-development research towards children and teens brings about the thoughtlessness in exhibitions about “what they need” and “how they get it”. The paper mainly investigates the phenomenon of “adults only” arising in exhibitions through the method of questionnaire survey, discusses this issue from different view-angles of museum and society as a whole. Moreover, it also manages to establish and improve solutions to this phenomenon, thus to enhance the public service quality of Chinese museums.
Key Words: Museum; adults only; psychology

 

 

工业博物馆中工业档案双重身份问题的思考——以唐山开滦博物馆为例
A Tentative Study on the Dual Identity of Industrial Archive-files
in the Industrial Museums: Kailuan Museum in Tangshan
吕建昌
Lyu Jianchang
(上海大学,上海,200444)
( Shanghai University, ShangHai, 200444 )

内容提要: 我国工业博物馆在建设过程中往往得到相关企业档案馆的支持,档案资料成为工业博物馆展(藏)品的一部分,具有了双重的身份。但博物馆系统与档案馆系统的管理口径不同,参照的管理制度法规不一致,使进入博物馆的工业档案(文物藏品)在博物馆的具体保护措施与管理上遇到了瓶颈:其一,档案馆档案与博物馆藏品定名的不同规范、保护的不同标准影响到博物馆资源的社会共享;其二,档案作为博物馆展(藏)品的权属问题,影响了博物馆评估定级的申请以及未来的发展。笔者对此展开讨论,以期引起同仁重视。
关键词: 工业博物馆 工业档案 陈列展览 藏品
Abstract: The construction of industrial museums in China is often supported by relative enterprise archives, and archive-fles thus possess a dual identity as they become a part of the exhibits (collections) of the museums. However, museums find themselves stuck in the conservation and managment of these fles (as collections), since the disparate management principle and regulations between museums and archives. Firstly, different names and conservation standards restrict resources from being shared with the public. Secondly, the proprietorship of the archive-fles may affect the museums’ rank of assessment and even their development. The paper discusses the above issues in hoping to raise the profession’s attention.
Key Words: Industrial museum; industrial archive-fle; exhibition; collection

 

 

博物馆陈列展览精品战略研讨——以陕西历史博物馆获精品奖项目为例
On the Quality-work Strategy of Exhibitions in Museums:
Awarded Exhibitions in Shaanxi History Museum
吕军  夏千惠  何文娟
Lyu Jun Xia Qianhui He Wenjuan
(吉林大学,长春,130012)
( Jilin University, Changchun, 130012 )

内容提要: 博物馆推出陈列展览精品,是向公众提供优质服务的主要表现。而博物馆的陈列展览,要想最终获得成功,成为精品,是与其以科研为支撑、选题立意恰当、主题连贯完整,完善的内容设计和形式设计、陈列展览中合理地利用现代技术手段等紧密相关的。此外,充分发挥藏品资源优势,突出特色,立足地域文化,打造区域文化品牌也尤为重要。本文拟以陕西历史博物馆“陕西古代文明”“大唐遗宝——何家村窖藏出土文物展”“唐代壁画珍品展”“巧手良医——陕西历史博物馆文物保护修复工作展”四个精品陈列展览为例,重点从上述几方面加以分析研讨,以期为博物馆推出的陈列展览精品最终赢得“十大精品”奖提供参考和借鉴。
关键词: 博物馆陈列展览 精品战略 科研支撑 馆藏资源 区域特色
Abstract: Quality exhibitions are the major expression of frst-rate public service of museums. A quality exhibition always benefts from relative scientifc research, a proper and integrate theme, thorough design of both content and form, and the rational utilization of modern technical methods. Moreover, it’s especially important to give full play to superiorities of collections, to highlight their characteristics, and to brand the local culture. The paper takes four quality exhibitions that ever won the national “Top 10 Exhibitions” award in four consecutive years as examples, hoping to share the good experiences as references for peers.
Key Words: Exhibitions in museums; quality-work strategy; scientific research; collections; local
characteristics

 

 

论博物馆展览背后的专业化步伐
On the Professionalization Development for Top Exhibitions in Museums
黄雪寅
Huang Xueyin
(首都博物馆,北京,100045)
( Capital Museum, Beijing, 100045 )

内容提要: 全国十大陈列展览精品的评选活动历经二十年,成为中国博物馆界展览专业化水平的标尺,引发了博物馆展览一系列环节的系统性管理以及对展览专业化问题的深度思考。文章首先以南通博物苑和天津博物馆的前身天津博物院为例回顾了博物馆的初衷。文章结合天津博物馆及其他国内外博物馆的案例,分析了博物馆基本陈列趋向,同时对博物馆临时展览进行了分析与思索,提出了对展览形式设计前景的遐想,以期对博物馆展览的专业化问题开展进一步探讨。
关键词: 专业化 十大精品陈列 基本陈列 临时展览
Abstract: Since its initiative 20 years ago, the National Top 10 Exhibitions Award has been regarded as a professional standard for exhibitions in museums, which has also aroused in-depth ponder of systematic management and professionalization of exhibitions. Taking Nantong Museum, Tianjin Museum (Tientsin Museum being its predecessor) and other museums at home and abroad as examples, the paper begins with a retrospect of the original intention of this cause, subsequently, it hopes to spark discussion through analyzation on the professionalization of exhibitions including the issues of museums' developing tendency, temporary exhibitions and the prospect of form-design.
Key Words: Professionalization; top 10 exhibitions; permanent exhibition; temporary exhibiton

 

 

中外博物馆志愿者培训与管理机制探讨
Trial Discussion on the Training and Management of Domestic and Abroad Volunteers in Museum
卢永琇
Lu Yongxiu
(天津美术馆, 天津,300201)
( Tianjin Art Museum, Tianjin, 300201 )

内容提要: 随着我国博物馆志愿者工作的不断发展,有关志愿者的培训与管理机制构建等问题日渐成为博物馆建设的要点之一。本文在探析不列颠博物院(大英博物馆)、艾尔米塔什博物馆及大都会艺术博物馆等国外博物馆志愿者管理工作的基础上,结合天津博物馆与天津美术馆的志愿者管理服务经验,对博物馆志愿者的培训与管理机制进行分析,以期为我国博物馆志愿者的管理提供一些参考。
关键词: 志愿者 培训 管理机制 天津博物馆 天津美术馆 
Abstract: With an increasing number of volunteers being active in museums, the mechanism of training and management for this crew has become a growing key point of museums’ construction work. The paper explores and analyzes the volunteer management in world-known museums such as the British Museum, the Winter Palace (State Hermitage Museum) and the Metropolitan Museum of Art, as well as the relative practices of Tianjin Museum and Tianjin Art Museum, hoping to provide references for this work in China.
Key Words:Volunteer; training; management; Tianjin Museum; Tianjin Art Museum

 

 

博物馆展览辅助展品创作和应用的原则
Principles of Creating and Applying the Supplementary Exhibits in Museums
陆建松
Lu Jiansong
(复旦大学,上海,200433)
( Fudan University, Shanghai, 200433 )

内容提要: 辅助展品是博物馆展示的主要媒介之一。本文在对我国博物馆辅助展品全面考察的基础上,就辅助展品存在的主要问题及其原因进行了讨论,提出了博物馆辅助展品创作和合理应用的基本原则,旨在帮助我国博物馆提高辅助展品创作的水平,科学合理地利用好辅助展品。
关键词: 博物馆 辅助展品 创作应用原则
Abstract: Supplementary exhibits are one of the major mediums when museums display their collections. Based on a comprehensive investigation on the supplementary exhibits in museums around China, the paper discusses the existing problems and their origins, proposes the fundamental principles of creating and properly applying these exhibits, aiming at helping the museums to improve the level of creation and to make more rational and better use of these exhibits.
Key Words: Museum; supplementary exhibits; principles of creating and properly applying

 

 

新时代发展我国博物馆事业刍议
Toward an Ancient-Modern Balanced Developing Approach for China’s Museum
Enterprise in the New Era
黄春雨
Huang Chunyu
(南开大学,天津,300071)
( Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071 )

内容提要: 回顾我国博物馆100多年的发展历史,不难发现,无论是薄今厚古,还是厚今薄古都不能使中国博物馆走上正确、专业的发展道路。新时代的中国博物馆需要将古老的中华文明与当代中国人的生活联系在一起,既要厚古也要重今,将记录、见证、参与中国社会的进程作为自己的发展方向,创造性地努力奋斗,才能不负时代的重托,真正实现博物馆为社会和社会发展服务的宗旨。
关键词: 教育博物馆 科学博物馆 地志博物馆 厚古薄今 厚今薄古 古今并重
Abstract: The history of Chinese museums is over 100 years. In retrospect, neither the concept favoring the ancient approach nor the one favoring modern methods could guide China’s museum enterprise to a sound and professional path of development. Chinese museums in the new era should be a complex striking a balance between ancient culture and contemporary life, recording and participating the developing process of society, as well as striving with creativity for the mission of the times, and lastly, authentically putting museums’ purpose of serving the society and the public into effect.
Key Words: Museum of education; science museum; museum of chorography; ancient favour; modern favour; ancient-modern balance

 

 

火红年代:1953-1966年安徽省博物馆的陈列
Red Time: Exhibitions of Anhui Provincial Museum from 1953 to 1966
徐玲 刘秀娟
Xu ling Liu Xiujuan
(郑州大学,郑州,450001)
( Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, 450001 )

内容提要: 陈列是博物馆实现教育功能的重要方式之一。通过陈列可以使公众了解社会不同的领域,启迪公众智识,提升公众对美的感悟能力。同样,作为现代国家机构的组成部分,博物馆也在以陈列的方式塑造公众的集体记忆和文化身份认同,并规范其在社会生活中的行为。
关键词: 中华人民共和国建立初期 安徽省博物馆 博物馆陈列 博物馆史
Abstract: Exhibition is the most important and intuitive way to realize the educational function of museum. It can help the public to understand different felds in society, enlighten public intelligence and improve their ability of apprehending beauty. Meanwhile, as a component of morden state institution, museum builds the public collective memory and cultural identity as well as disciplining their conduct code in society through exhibition.
Key Words: The early days of the People’s Republic of China; Anhui Provincial Museum; museum
exhibition; the history of the museum

 

 

企业博物馆“开门”办馆的实践与研究
Practice and Research in the Opening Management of Corporate Museums
孙志刚
Sun Zhigang
(铁人王进喜纪念馆,大庆,163002)
( Memorial Museum of Ironman Wang Jinxi, Daqing, 163002 )

内容提要: 由企业出资兴建、运营的博物馆,称为企业博物馆。这种强调办馆主体的博物馆分类情况,给所有一蹴而就的企业博物馆带来持续发展的考验和难题。本文结合大庆油田企业所属展馆的发展情况,从企业博物馆为什么“开门”办馆,如何“开门”办馆,实现可持续发展的因素等方面入手,分析“开门”办馆是企业博物馆摆脱“认识不清、定位不准、运作不畅、支持不力”等一系列“建馆容易办馆难”的痼疾的有效途径。
关键词: 企业博物馆 开门办馆 文化
Abstract: Museums founded and run by enterprises are called corporate museums. The main focus of this kind of museum being on enterprises is a challenge for the founders. This article takes Daqing Oilfeld museum as an example, discusses the reason to sep up the museum, the process of operating the museum, developmental elements, effective ways to eliminate obstacles.
Key Words: Corporate museum; running a museum with opening management; culture