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京津冀文化一脉初探

编者按:

        响应京津冀协同发展战略,在文博界践行国策,是本刊的宗旨之一,也是本刊成立的缘由。北京学研究基地以“立足北京、研究北京、服务北京”为宗旨,随着京津冀一体化的推进,也更多地将目光投向京津冀协同发展,最近几年学术年会的主题都与此相关。嘤其鸣矣,求其友声,同处于京津冀地区,又有相通的目标,本刊自然和北京学研究基地携手共进。北京学研究基地对北京学乃至京津冀一体化的研究有宏厚的基础,研究水平很高,聚集了一批造诣精深的学者。

        本刊从2016、2017年北京学学术年会遴选了7篇优秀论文,结成京津冀文化一脉初探专题。这些论文或从运河带、长城带、大遗址规划探讨京津冀地域一体,或从畿辅驻防建设分析京津冀军事一体,或从能源供应论及京津冀经济一体,或从民间花会等非物质文化遗产保护思考京津冀文化一脉相承。

        在文博行业践行国策,就是要自觉地从“中国历史的保存者和见证者”转变为“当代中国人民为实现中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦而奋斗的见证者和参与者”,这将是本刊矢志不渝的坚守。

 

 

北京段大运河现存体系遗产构成特征分析及影响初探
The Characteristics and Influences of
the Existing Heritage Components of the Grand Canal in Beijing Area
陈腾 王晶 赵云
Chen Teng Wang Jing Zhao Yun
(中国文化遗产研究院,北京,100029)
( Chinese Academy of Cultural Heritage, Beijing, 100029 )

内容提要:北京市域范围内现存大量的运河遗产,包括元、明、清时期河道水体类遗产、水利工程遗产以及其他与运河直接或间接相关的历史文化遗产。除此之外,与大运河不断相互作用、相互影响的地理人文环境、由大运河孕育而生的非物质文化遗产,也成为现代运河遗产的一部分。本文通过档案整理和汇总、地图图形分析等方法将这些物质和非物质运河资源进行梳理,并通过查阅历史资料、现场调研、勘探、走访,对初步登录的要素进行遴选,形成北京段大运河现存体系遗产构成,并尝试对北京段大运河现存体系遗产构成特征及影响进行分析。
关键词:北京段大运河 现存体系 遗产构成
Abstract: There are a large number of canal heritages in Beijing Area, including waterway hydraulic facilities and other heritages related directly or indirectly to the canal of Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Besides, geographical and humanistic environment which was mutually impacted with, as well as non-material cultural heritages developed based on the Grand Canal become part of the modern canal heritages. By summarizing, graphics analyzing as well as other methods, this article lists these materials and non-material canal resources. We also developed heritage components, selected elements which formerly archived, attempt to analyze the characteristics and influence of the existing heritage system of the Grand Canal in Beijing through accessing historical data, o n-site researching and exploration.
Key Words: The Grand Canal in Beijing Area; existing system; heritage components

 

 

“一脚踏三省”景区长城修缮及利用的思考
The Restoration and Utilization of the Great Wall
王辅龙
Wang Fulong
(北京市文物局文物保护处,北京,100007)
( Cultural Relics Protection Office of Beijing Municipal Bureau of Cultural Relics, Beijing, 100007 )

内容提要:本文从北京段长城的历史沿革、北京段长城资源调查、平谷区红石门段长城保存状况、修缮情况,以及环境物产等方面,分析京津冀共同建设“一脚踏三省”景区的可行性,探索协同发展的模式。
关键词:长城 修缮 保护 利用
Abstract: This article discussed the Beijing section of the Great Wall history, the resources investigation in this section, the condition, restoration and environment of Hongshimen section in Pinggu district and the feasibility study of developing the Great Wall into a mutual historical attraction.
Key Words: Great Wall; restoration; protection; utilization

 

 

浅谈京津冀晋长城旅游资源的整合与深度开发
A Brief Discussion on the Integration and In-depth Development of
the Great Wall Tourism Resources of the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei-Shanxi Region
张献忠
Zhang Xianzhong
(天津社会科学院历史研究所,天津,300191)
( History Institute of Tianjin Social Science Academy, Tianjin, 300191 )

内容提要:京津冀晋四省市内有着大量长城及其相关的历史遗迹,而且大都是原生态的,但是除个别地区个别景点外,与此相关的旅游资源大多没有得到有效开发,自然和人为的破坏也比较严重。做好长城资源的整合与开发工作,不仅能够带动长城沿线地区经济的发展,而且还能加深游客对中国历史文化的认识,同时也有利于长城遗迹的保护。
关键词:京津冀晋 长城旅游资源 整合 开发
Abstract: In Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei-Shanxi region, there are a large number of the Great Wall and its related historical sites. Most of them are kept in original ecology. Except some specific spots, most of the tourism resources have not been effectively developed. Mostly, natural and man-made destruction is very serious. To make good of the resources integration and development of the Great Wall not only can promote the development of regional economy along the Great Wall region, but also can deepen the interpretation of Chinese history and culture. What’s more, it can also be conducive to the protection of the Great Wall sites.
Key Words: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei-Shanxi region; Great Wall tourism resources; integration; development

 

 

北京西山文化带大遗址旅游区规划研究
Planning Study on the of the Tourism District Large Heritage Sites in
the Culture Belt of Beijing Western Hills
刘剑刚
Liu Jiangang
(北京联合大学应用文理学院,北京,100191)
( College of Applied Arts and Science of Beijing Union University, Beijing, 100191 )

内容提要:西山文化带是北京大遗址集中分布的区域,拥有周口店遗址、琉璃河遗址、金代皇陵遗址和圆明园遗址等多处规格高、规模大的古代遗址。大遗址旅游区的设立具有必要性,本文从发展定位、空间布局、展示利用项目等方面分析了北京西山文化带大遗址旅游区的规划理念和技术措施,指出设立大遗址旅游区是实现大遗址保护与区域经济社会协调发展的合理路径。
关键词:西山文化带 大遗址旅游区 展示利用 规划研究
Abstract: The Western Hill culture zone is the concentrated distribution area of the large heritage sites in Beijing. There are many high standard and large-scale ancient sites, including the Zhoukoudian site, the Liulihe site, the imperial mausoleum of the Jin Dynasty and the Yuanmingyuan Garden site. This paper analyzes the planning ideas and technical measures of tourism district of the large heritage sites from the development orientation, spatial distribution and display and utilization project, proposes the establishment of the large heritage sites tourism district is a reasonable path to realize the protection of the sites and the coordinated development of the regional economy and society.
Key Words: Western Hills culture belt; tourism district of the large heritage sites; display and utilization; planning studies

 

 

清代畿辅驻防城时空结构研究
Research on the Construction and Structure of Garrison Cities in
the District around Capital in Qing Dynasty
朱永杰
Zhu Yongjie
(北京联合大学北京史研究所,北京,100101)
( Beijing Studies Institute of Beijing Union University, Beijing, 100101 )

内容提要:清代畿辅地区的驻防城包括郑家庄、沧州、保定府、热河、山海关、密云、采育里、天津水师8处,主要建成于顺治、康熙、雍正、乾隆四个时期,其中顺治、康熙、雍正时期为驻防城的主要建立阶段,而乾隆时期密云驻防城的建立是畿辅驻防城体系完全建立的标志。畿辅地区的驻防城呈现了一定的地域分布特征,所在地区往往是地理形胜之地,具有一定的战略意义。驻防城形制可以分为两大类,一类是比较固定的建有确切城墙的驻防城,另一类则是未修建专门城垣的驻防城。驻防城的城垣规模不一,建筑材料方面体现出了差异性,而内部结构则规划较为合理,布局井然有序。
关键词:清代畿辅地区 驻防城 创建 形制
Abstract: There were eight garrison cities in the district around capital in Qing Dynasty, which were located in Zhengjiazhuang, Cangzhou, Baoding, Rehe, Shanhaiguan, Miyun, Cai Yuli and Tianjin. They were mainly built in Shunzhi, Kangxi, Yongzheng and Qianlong periods. Shunzhi, Kangxi and Yongzheng periods were the main construction stages, and the establishment of Miyun garrison city in Qianlong time was a symbol of the complete creation of garrison city system in the district around capital. Garrison cities in the district around capital show some characteristics in geographical distribution and their locations were geographically advantageous terrains and significant strategically. The shapes of garrison cities can be divided into two categories, one of them had relatively fixed city wall, another not had special wall. The scales of garrison cities walls were different and the building materials were also different. About the internal structure, their planning was reasonable and their layout was in order.
Key Words: The district around capital in Qing Dynasty; garrison cities; construction; structure

 

 

京津冀非物质文化遗产保护——三地民间花会展演的启示
Intangible Heritage Protection in Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei Region:
Inspiration from the Performance of Traditional Huahui Parade
李彩萍
Li Caiping
(北京民俗博物馆,北京,100020)
( Beijing Folklore Museum, Beijing, 100020 )

内容提要:民间花会是非物质文化遗产的重要内容之一,是民众自发组织的一种民间娱乐形式。在长期的发展过程中,民间花会形成了各自鲜明的艺术特色,满足了人们信仰心理、审美旨趣、娱乐身心和情感联络等多种需求,是当地民众的群体情感和群体意志的重要载体,是乡村民俗文化的重要组成部分。在今天构建和谐社会、新农村建设以及京津冀协同发展的大背景下,它对于丰富民众的文化生活、促进经济繁荣有着积极的现实意义。
关键词:京津冀 民间花会 非物质文化遗产 保护 传承
Abstract: Traditional Huahui Parade is an important intangible cultural heritage, which is also a way of entertainment organized by local people. In its long history, numerous Huahui Parades developed their unique features. It met people’s needs of religions, aesthetic, entertainment and improving relations between people. It is crucial to form the folkloric cultural heritage. With the overall background of constructing harmonious society and new socialist countryside, it has positive practical significance for enriching people’s cultural life and promoting economic prosperity.
Key Words: Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region; traditional Huahui Parade; intangible cultural heritage;
protection; inheritance

 

 

元代京畿燃料:结构•供应•危机•出路
The Study of Fuel Used in Capital Area in Yuan Dynasty
丁超
Ding Chao
(中国人民大学历史学院清史研究所,北京,100872)
( The Institute of Qing History, History Acodemy, Renmin University of China, Beijing, 100872 )

内容提要:本文系统探讨了元代京畿燃料供应问题。首先,探讨了烧草、柴薪(木炭)、煤炭、马粪在元大都燃料结构中的位置以及元大都城市生活对各种燃料的综合利用。其次,从市场供应的角度对元大都的燃料结构进行复核。再次,以草、马粪为焦点探讨了因饲料、肥料与燃料的多种用途而导致的元大都燃料供应危机。最后,本文指出基于两都巡幸制度下的季节性人马迁移,为疏解元大都城的燃料危机提供了一个现实可行的出路。
关键词:元代 京畿 元大都 元上都 燃料 两都巡幸制度
Abstract: This article focuses on the supply of fuel in Capital Area of Yuan. Firstly, the author talks about the fuel used in Khanbaliq including hay, charcoal, coal, horse dung and so on, their proportion and the methods in which people used the fuel. Secondly, it confirmed the fuel types according to the market supply in Khanbaliq. Lastly, it also discussed the fuel crisis in Khanbaliq, because hay and horse dung were feed, fertilizer and fuel at the same time. In the end, the author thinks the population and horse migration under the system of Two Capital Inspection Tours, the shortage of fuel in Khanbaliq could be solved partially.
Key Words: Yuan dynasty; capital area; Khanbaliq; Xanadu; fuel; two capital inspection tours